Among Belgium's numerous learned societies are the French and Dutch organizations each bearing the names of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Letters, and Fine Arts and the Royal Academy of Medicine; in addition, there are the Royal Academy of French Language and Literature and the Royal Academy of Dutch Language and Literature.
Business and industry are organized in the Belgium Business Federation (1885), the Chambers of Commerce, and the American Chamber of Commerce in Brussels, as well as on the basis of industrial sectors and in local bodies. Among the latter, the Flemish and Walloon economic councils and the nine provincial economic councils are the most important.
Architects, painters, and sculptors are organized in the Association of Professional Artists of Belgium. Among the other occupational groups are the Belgian Medical Federation, the Association of Women Chief Executives, and the Belgian Students' Federation. There is a cultural council for each of the three official languages. The many sports societies include the Royal Belgian Athletic League, and soccer, cycling, archery, homing pigeon, tennis, hunting, boating, camping, and riding clubs. Veterans' and disabled veterans' associations, the Red Cross, Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, voluntary associations to combat the major diseases, and philanthropic societies are all active in Belgium.