The Academy of Sciences of Belarus, founded in 1929 and headquartered in Minsk, has departments of physics, mathematics, and informatics; physical and engineering problems of machine building and energetics; chemical and geological sciences, biological sciences, and medical-biological sciences; it also operates numerous research institutes.
The Belarussian State University, founded in 1921 at Minsk, has faculties of applied mathematics, biology, chemistry, geography, mechanics and mathematics, physics, and radiophysics and electronics. The Belarussian State Technological University, founded in 1930 at Minsk, has faculties of chemistry technology and engineering, forestry, and organic substances technology. In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 48% of college and university enrollment.
The Belarussian State Scientific and Technical Library, located in Minsk, had more than 1.2 million volumes as of 1996. In 1987–97, total research and development expenditures in Belarus amounted to 1% of GNP. In the same period, 2,248 scientists and engineers and 266 technicians per million people were engaged in research and development.