The population of Armenia in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 3,061,000, which placed it as number 130 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 9% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 27% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 94 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is -0.45%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 2,963,000. The population density in 2002 was 127 per sq km (330 per sq mi).
It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 70% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Yerevan, was also the largest with a population of 1,281,000. Other urban centers include Gyumri (206,600) and Vanadzor (170,200). Most of the cities and towns are located along the river valleys in the north and west. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000–2005 was 0.8%.