Uzbekistan was admitted to the UN on 2 March 1992. It is also a member of the Asian Development Bank, ESCAP, OSCE, EBRD, FAO, IAEA, IMF, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, and the World Bank. It has observer status with the WTO. The country has signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty and is a member of the CIS. It has close ties with the United States, Austria, South Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Turkey. The United States established formal ties with Uzbekistan in February 1992.
In June 2001, leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan met in China to launch the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and sign an agreement to fight ethnic and religious militancy while promoting trade.