The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports that in 2002 Turkey's gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated at $468 billion. The per capita GDP was estimated at $7,000. The annual growth rate of GDP was estimated at 4.2%. The average inflation rate in 2002 was 45.2%. The CIA defines GDP as the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year and computed on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP) rather than value as measured on the basis of the rate of exchange. It was estimated that agriculture accounted for 13% of GDP, industry 30%, and services 57%.
According to the United Nations, in 2000 remittances from citizens working abroad totaled $4,560 million or about $68 per capita and accounted for approximately 2.3% of GDP. Worker remittances in 2001 totaled $2,786 million. Foreign aid receipts amounted to about $3 per capita.
The World Bank reports that in 2001 per capita household consumption (in constant 1995 US dollars) was $2,002. Household consumption includes expenditures of individuals, households, and nongovernmental organizations on goods and services, excluding purchases of dwellings. It was estimated that for the same period private consumption declined at an annual rate of 10%. Approximately 45% of household consumption was spent on food, 18% on fuel, 6% on health care, and 5% on education. The richest 10% of the population accounted for approximately 32.3% of household consumption and the poorest 10% approximately 2.3%.