In 1963, the Nationalist government stated that since the completion of the Communist conquest of the mainland in 1949/50, a total of 146,772 Chinese refugees had come to Taiwan for resettlement. The number of refugees has varied from year to year. There may be as many as 100,000 illegal immigrants.
In 1986, the Taiwan government reported that there were 28,714,000 overseas Chinese (25,799,000 in Asia, 2,044,000 in the Americas, 584,000 in Europe, 214,000 in Oceania, and 73,000 in Africa), including those with dual nationality.
The net migration rate in 2002 was an estimated -0.03 migrants per 1,000 population.