Sri Lanka - Balance of payments

Sri Lanka's balance-of-payments position is highly sensitive to price changes in the world market because it depends in large part upon a few export crops to pay for its imports. Since 1983, sharply rising defense expenditures, a decline in tourism caused by continuing civil violence, and slumping world tea and coconut prices combined to exert pressure on the balance of payments. The deficit has also been partially offset by substantial foreign exchange earnings from tourism and from remittances by Sri Lankans working abroad. The current account deficit has declined each year since 1994 when it stood at $860 million. Export growth in 1999, however, slowed considerably to 2% and earnings from tea exports had declined 40% due to the impact of the Russian economic crises in 1998.

In 2000, exports increased by close to 20% to $5.5 billion, and exports of garments and tea did very well. Other exports, such as food, rubber products, machinery, and processed diamond exports, also performed well that year. Sri Lanka floated the rupee in 2001, and the central bank began employing currency controls. Since then, the controls were relaxed. In addition, the government imposed an import duty surcharge to stem the flow of imports. The country's external debt stood at $9.9 billion at the end of 2000, equal to 60% of GDP.

The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports that in 2001 the purchasing power parity of Sri Lanka's exports was $4.9 billion while imports totaled $6 billion resulting in a trade deficit of $1.1 billion.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) reports that in 2001 Sri Lanka had exports of goods totaling $4.82 billion and imports totaling $5.38 billion. The services credit totaled $1.37 billion and debit $1.76 billion. The following table summarizes Sri Lanka's balance of payments as reported by the IMF for 2001 in millions of US dollars.

Sri Lanka

Current Account -265
Balance on goods -554
Balance on services -390
Balance on income -281
Current transfers 959
Capital Account 49
Financial Account 380
Direct investment abroad
Direct investment in Sri Lanka 172
Portfolio investment assets 24
Portfolio investment liabilities -35
Other investment assets 13
Other investment liabilities 207
Net Errors and Omissions 165
Reserves and Related Items -329

User Contributions:

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Nov 1, 2007 @ 5:05 am
Give the new informations about effect on balance of payment in srilanka with graph
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May 20, 2010 @ 12:00 am
can i have more information on this.this really helps us on our studies.
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Aug 18, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
Give Balance of payment Current trends mesure mesurements
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Aug 26, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Can i have balance of payment current trends, or what are the impact on BOP in Recent financial crisis
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Feb 29, 2012 @ 3:03 am
give balance of payment since 1948 and the exchange rate policy in sri lanka
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Feb 1, 2015 @ 3:03 am
Please explain and e-mail me on below 3 points.

1.Describe the BOI position of Sri Lanka now

2.What are the strategies devised by Sri Lanka to tackle the deficit in Current Account

3.Evalute the "J Curve" Effect in Sri Lankan Context.

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Apr 19, 2019 @ 8:20 pm
This is commendable. Doubt whether this situation could be sustained.

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