As of 2001, Papua New Guinea had a total installed electrical capacity of 554 MW. Electricity generated in 2000 was 1,700 million kWh. Of this total, 54.6% came from fossil fuels and 45.4 29% came from hydroelectric facilities. Consumption of electricity in 2000 was 1.5 billion kWh.
Exploration for oil and gas has been conducted in the Gulf of Papua, on the Turama River, and off Bougainville. The Kutubu oil project (the nation's first oil production project) in the Southern Highlands began exporting in June 1992. In 1998, Kutubu produced 79,000 barrels of oil per day; proved reserves were estimated at 100 million tons (400 million barrels) at the beginning of 1996.