Principal attractions include the palaces and Buddhist temples and shrines in the two largest cities and in the ancient city of Pagan. A visitor to Myanmar must have a passport, visa, and certificate of yellow fever inoculation if arriving from an infected area.
With the inception of military rule in 1988, tourism declined sharply but has risen again since 1990. In 2000, there were 206,243 tourist arrivals with tourism receipts at about $42 million. There were 16,157 rooms with a total of about 32,314 bed-places, at 27% occupancy.
In 2002, the UN estimated the cost of staying in Yangon at $123 per day, elsewhere daily costs were about $67.