Myanmar - Environment



In Myanmar the principal environmental threat comes from cyclones and flooding during the monsoon season, and regular earthquakes. Deforestation for farming or illegal economic gain is the most persistent ecological effect of human encroachment. In 1985, 405 square miles were lost through deforestation. By 1994, two-thirds of Myanmar's tropical forests had been eliminated. However, the nation still had the world's eighth largest mangrove area, totaling approximately half a million hectares.

Little information is available about the long-term effects of industrialization on the natural environment, although evidence of industrial pollutants has been found in the air, water, soil, and food. Myanmar has 880.6 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources. Only about 89% of city dwellers and 66% of the rural population have pure water. Inadequate sanitation and water treatment are leading contributors to disease. Environmental concerns have been given low priority by the government.

Endangered species in Myanmar include the tiger, Asian elephant, Malayan tapir, Sumatran rhinoceros, Fea's muntjac, river terrapin, estuarine crocodile, and four species of turtle (green sea, hawksbill, olive ridley, and leatherback). The Javan rhinoceros is extinct. Out of a total of 251 species of mammals, 31 are endangered; of 867 breeding bird species, 44 are endangered. Twenty reptiles in 203 species are threatened along with one type of freshwater fish. Myanmar also has 6 threatened species of plants in a total of 7,000. Threatened species include the banteng, pink-headed duck, freshwater sawfish, Sumatran rhinoceros, Siamese crocodile, hawksbill turtle, gaur, and sun bear.

User Contributions:

1
Banya rata
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Aug 11, 2009 @ 10:22 pm
Dear sir or madam,

i would like to request for some information about environmental issue in Myanmar.

i am looking forward to hearing from you,

Banya Rata
2
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Mar 6, 2011 @ 3:03 am
Dear sir or madam ,

I want to know more about the biodiversity of Myanmar ,
I would like to know more about the rainforest in Myanmar,
And I would also like to know more about deforestation in Myanmar.

Su Hnin
3
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Jun 13, 2011 @ 7:07 am
This sites is good for students and the ones who want to know the current situations biodiversity conservation in Myanmar. Today, biodiversity conservation in Myanmar is hot sport among activities in Myanmar.So that, this site is very good for me.
4
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Oct 1, 2011 @ 10:10 am
Dear sir or madam,
I'd like to know about threatened plant species in Myanmar of iucn red list.
I'd also like to know Myanmar's forest diversity and how should we conserve.
I want to know Myanmar threatened plant species name exactly.
Are shorea samensis(ingyin) & shorea obtusa (thit yar) threatened species of iucn red list?
5
kyaw lin oo
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Dec 3, 2011 @ 7:07 am
Dear sir or madam

I'd like to know about the affect of deforestation.
I also want to know how to recover and how to maintain
together with community action plan.Especially, central
Myanmar is nearly semi-desert as so many factors such as
a little plants, little rainfall. So, I really like to
know how the improve and conserve in this condition, and
especially, how to research to solve the problems.
6
precious
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Jul 30, 2012 @ 11:23 pm
Dear Sir
I would like to know about Myanmar's Future.
7
cherry
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Sep 26, 2013 @ 10:10 am
I would like to know list of threatened tree species in Myanmar.
8
vscogirllmao
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Sep 2, 2019 @ 10:22 pm
hey what's the major environmental worldviews in myanmar?

thanks :)

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