Jordan - Public finance

Jordan has had to rely on foreign assistance for support of its budget, which has increased rapidly since the 1967 war. During the late 1980s, Jordan incurred large fiscal deficits, which led to a heavy burden of external debt. Efforts at cutting public expenditures reduced the budget deficit from 21% of GDP in 1989 to 18% in 1991. The Persian Gulf War, however, forced Jordan to delay the IMF deficit reduction program begun in 1989.

The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates that in 2001 Jordan's central government took in revenues of approximately $29 billion and had expenditures of $31 billion. Overall, the government registered a deficit of approximately $2 billion. External debt totaled $8.2 billion.

The following table shows an itemized breakdown of government revenues and expenditures. The percentages were calculated from data reported by the International Monetary Fund. The dollar amounts (millions) are based on the CIA estimates provided above.


REVENUE AND GRANTS 100.0% 29,000
Tax revenue 65.0% 18,858
Non-tax revenue 20.9% 6,071
Capital revenue 0.4% 114
Grants 13.6% 3,956
EXPENDITURES 100.0% 31,038
General public services 6.6% 2,046
Defense 17.5% 5,427
Public order and safety 9.1% 2,812
Education 16.1% 4,979
Health 10.6% 3,273
Social security 16.7% 5,184
Housing and community amenities 1.8% 561
Recreation, cultural, and religious affairs 1.5% 468
Economic affairs and services 8.0% 2,494
Other expenditures 1.9% 595
Interest payments 10.3% 3,200

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