Israel - Education

Israel Education 1694
Photo by: Kuvien

Education is compulsory for 11 years and free for all children between 5 and 15 years of age. Primary education is for six years followed by three years of lower secondary and three more years of upper secondary education. A state education law of 1953 put an end to the separate elementary school systems affiliated with labor and religious groupings, and established a unified state-administered system, within which provision was made for state religious schools. Four types of schools exist: public religious (Jewish) and public secular schools (the largest group); schools of the orthodox Agudat Israel (which operated outside the public school system but were assisted with government funds); public schools for Arabs; and private schools, mainly operated by Catholic and Protestant organizations. The language of instruction in Jewish schools is Hebrew; in Arab schools it is Arabic. Arabic is taught as an optional language in Jewish schools, while Hebrew is taught in Arab schools from the fourth grade.

In 1996, primary schools had a total of 631,916 students. Secondary level schools had 541,737 students and approximately 54,000 teachers in the same year. The pupil-teacher ratio at the primary level was 13 to 1 in 1999. In the same year, 100% of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school, while 88% of those eligible attended secondary school.

Israel has eight institutions of higher learning. The two most outstanding are the Hebrew University (founded in 1918) in Jerusalem and the Israel Institute of Technology (Technion, founded in 1912) in Haifa, both of which receive government subsidies of about 50% of their total budgets; the remaining funds are largely collected abroad. The Tel Aviv University was formed in 1956. Other institutions include the Bar-Ilan University in Ramat-Gan, opened in 1955 under religious auspices; the Weizmann Institute of Science at Rehovot, notable for its research into specific technical, industrial, and scientific problems; Haifa University; and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba. An Open University, promoting adult education largely through home study, was established and patterned on the British model. In 1996, universities and equivalent institutions enrolled 198,766 students. Adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 were estimated at 3.9% (males, 2.1%; females, 5.7%). As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 7.7% of GDP.

User Contributions:

Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 18, 2007 @ 4:16 pm
well it helped with my project! For social studies on Israel although i would like the percentage of students going to school in israel
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 22, 2007 @ 5:17 pm
this was a really informational page and it helped me out a lot.
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 7, 2008 @ 10:22 pm
It helped me with my project, too! It ws very useful.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 13, 2008 @ 4:16 pm
this article is good and it is a very good system for education but it has to be more organized and had to take more subjects any way i am really happy for this education system
Ram Bhayani
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 19, 2009 @ 4:04 am
i think it would help and learn about israeli people n about there religion also.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 14, 2009 @ 12:00 am
this was an awesome help..i look everywhere for proper info..finally found it here..thx
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 17, 2009 @ 9:09 am
this is really good i got to find things i dont know before how i wish ican study in isreal
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 18, 2010 @ 7:07 am
tnx for the information!! it helps me a lot 4 my project! thnxz!!

Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 10, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
Like Anna this also helped me on my Social Studies Project! :)
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 11, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
i just wanna say that israel got best education system in generally and best higher educational system in whole middle east inorder to prove my words there were 5 israelian univ in worls best 500
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 24, 2010 @ 6:06 am
.,.thanks to this, i have a report i can definitely show to my teacher and i'm sure she'll be happy and be proud of me.,.by the way, this report really helped me with our play.,.
lily effen
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 29, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
This also helped a lot with my social studies project:)
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 7, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
Would like to know how many hours a day they attend?
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 20, 2012 @ 3:15 pm
I think they can talk more about what they learn and how they do it, but other then that i love this! It helped me on my country report for school and I got an 100! I picked Israel because I'm Jewish and I have been to Israel! Its fun and all of this information is true! I saw it with my own eyes!
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 24, 2012 @ 11:11 am
Do you have the percentage of children attending schools?
Jennifer Boer
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 28, 2012 @ 2:02 am
Thank you for the clear presentation. Is it possible to have more detail on the literacy rates along social group lines ?
la mala
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 1, 2013 @ 6:18 pm
This website is awesome. It was really good and helped me a lot with my project. I would recommend this website to a lot of people. Really helpful. Thamks

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: