The Panamanian livestock industry produces sufficient meat to supply domestic demand and provides hides for export. Most cattle and hogs are tended by small herders, and dairy farming has expanded in recent years. In 2001 there were 1,534,000 head of cattle, 313,000 hogs, and about 10 million chickens. Milk production in 2001 was reported at 171,000 tons. Panama imports a substantial amount of its dairy needs (powdered milk, butterfat, and cheese), primarily from New Zealand.