The constitution of 1965, suspended following the 1972 coup, was superseded by a governing document adopted in November 1982. It defines Honduras as a democratic republic headed by a president who must be a native-born civilian. The president is elected by direct popular vote for a four-year term. The executive branch also includes a cabinet of 14 ministers. A constitutional change approved by the legislature in November 1982 deprived the president of the title of commander-in-chief of the armed forces, transferring that responsibility to the army chief of staff.
The 1982 constitution provides for the popular election of deputies to the unicameral National Assembly, consisting of 128 deputies. The deputies, who are directly elected for four-year terms, must be natives or residents of the constituencies they represent. All men and women 18 years of age and older are eligible to vote.