The amount of foreign investment in Dominica is limited, largely because the island lacks the infrastructure to support an industrialization program. Investment increased in the early 1990s under the Charles government, particularly in agriculture. The marketing of banana production is monopolized by European multinational corporations. Tax holidays and import-duty exemptions are offered as investment incentives. The area near the Canefield airstrip is an industrial estate and export processing zone. The government agency for industrial development has had some success in attracting capital investment funds for the island. The introduction of an offshore financial industry may attract investment, as well as increased tourism. Other investment incentives include repatriation of profits, alien's landholding license fees, factory building/industrial estates, and residence/work permits.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows peaked in 1997 at $21 million before falling to $6.1 million in 1998. FDI inflows recovered to $18 million in 1999 and averaged about $13 billion a year in 2000 and 2001.