Chile - Education

Chile Education 1803
Photo by: Comugnero Silvana

Since 1920, primary education has been free, compulsory, and nonsectarian. The adult illiteracy rate, estimated at 50% in 1920, stands at 4.3% in the year 2000, per UNESCO estimates (males, 4.1%; females, 4.5%). As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 3.7% of GDP.

Chile's present educational system stems from a 1965 reform program that called for curriculum modernization (with new texts for all grade levels), teacher training, and professional educational planning and management. There are both state-run and private schools; all state schools provide free education. An eight-year primary and four-year secondary program, with increased emphasis on vocational instruction at the secondary level, was introduced. Proposals are currently being considered to increase the amount of compulsory schooling from eight to ten years. In 1996, enrollment in primary schools totaled 2,241,536 students, taught by 73,960 teachers, with a student-to-teacher ratio of 30 to 1. Secondary schools had 739,316 students and approximately 52,000 teachers in the same year. The pupil-teacher ratio at the primary level was 33 to 1 in 1999. In the same year, 89% of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school, while 72% of those eligible attended secondary school.

The University of Chile (founded as Universidad Real de San Felipe in 1738) and the University of Santiago de Chile (founded as Universidad Técnica del Estado in 1949) are national universities with branches in other cities. There are numerous institutions which provide vocational and technical education. There are also several Roman Catholic universities. Higher educational enrollment was approximately 380,603 in 1997, compared with 145,497 in 1980.

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Nov 25, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
Great article!!! I think it is a fantastic piece of info. Mabey include a bit more things in it, because it's a bit bare. Good job anyways! Hope you get more comments!!!!!!!!!!!!
Love, Sammy
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May 5, 2009 @ 1:13 pm
nice job this is a very nie site you guys really tried your best
saurov adhikari
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Aug 19, 2009 @ 7:07 am
good has given me a great opportunity to make my project easier.
thanx so much.
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Sep 27, 2009 @ 1:13 pm
can you tell me about the secondary and primary schools. like are they different grade levels or if your not smart or something like that you dont get to go to the secondary school.
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Nov 26, 2009 @ 11:11 am

What you first need to know is that only in state schools there is a separation between primary and secondary education. That is to say: Primary Schools managed by the state teach only to children aged 4 - 13 and the secondary schools (called "Liceos" in Spanish) teach teenagers from 14-19 years old.

In most cases, once you finish primary school you only need to get inscribed in the "liceo" of your choice and you'll be admitted immediately. No admissions tests required. The most prestigious "liceos" (that are very few considering the low quality of state schools in Chile) may have some special admission exams.

On the other hand, in private education one institution can offer both primary and secondary education, with no need to give a test or something to enter secondary school or to move to another institution. However, if you want to transfer to another private school in any level, you must pay a non-refundable fee for giving the admission exam. (that is usually very expensive for Chilean Standards, on an average of US$ 150)

In Chile, Primary Education is called "Enseñanza Básica" and is divided in 8 levels. Secondary Education is called "Enseñanza Media" and is divided in 4 levels.

I hope this helps. (How do I know? I've lived in Chile my whole life)
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Oct 22, 2010 @ 10:22 pm
Thanks this is exactly what i needed for school.
Ruby and Otis and Banjo

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