Brazil - Industry



Brazil Industry 1156
Photo by: Spectral-Design

Major industries include iron and steel production, automobile assembly, petroleum processing, chemicals production, and cement making; technologically based industries have been the most dynamic in recent years, but have not outpaced traditional industries. Peak industrial growth was achieved in 1973, when the manufacturing sector grew by 15.8%; growth rates averaging about 7% were posted during 1978–80, rising to 8.3% in 1985 and 11.3% in 1986. Growth slowed significantly during the 1990s. According to the Brazilian Statistical Institute (IBGE), manufacturing rose an annual average of only 0.7% between 1988 and 1998. Manufacturing expanded from 2.6% growth in the third quarter of 2002 to 6.6% in the fourth quarter. Growth in 2002 was particularly pronounced in the construction industry.

In 1969, 3.7 million tons of crude steel were produced; by 1985, this had reached 20.5 million tons; and by 1998 the total output of processed ore was 190 million tons. Domestic production exceeds domestic needs. Vast reserves of accessible, high-grade ore, plus a rapidly expanding domestic demand for these products, favor continued expansion of the steel industry. The major negative factor is lack of domestic soft coal. Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD) is the largest Brazilian mining company, responsible for nearly 23% of the mineral output of the country.

Motor vehicle production, Brazil's industrial backbone, experienced a drop of nearly 27% from 1998 to 1999 because of the country's financial difficulties. Production of automobiles went from about two million units in 1997, down to 1.6 million units in 1998. In 2001, Brazil produced 1,798,472 automobiles, an increase of 7% over 2000. In 2000, the country produced 70,304 heavy trucks, an increase of 27% over 1999. The automobile industry is expanding rapidly with major sources of foreign investment and the construction of new manufacturing plants.

Brazil mines and refines petroleum products. The country in 2002 had 13 oil refineries with a total production capacity of 1,786,000 barrels per day. Because of increased domestic refining capacity during the 1970s, imports of petroleum products were less needed, and by 1979, Brazil was a net exporter of petroleum derivatives. In 1998, Brazil only imported 50% of its petroleum. Brazil's petrochemical industry emphasizes the production of synthetic rubber at Petrobrás' synthetic rubber plant. There are also over 500 pharmaceutical laboratories and plants in Brazil, the majority in São Paulo. Over 80% of the industry is foreign-owned. Increased construction demands boosted Brazil's cement production during the 1980s and 1990s. Brazil's electrical equipment industry manufactures computers, television sets, transistor radios, refrigerators, air conditioners, and many other appliances. Brazil has the largest textile industry in South America in terms of installed capacity and output, with nearly half of the spindles and looms in operation on the continent. The Brazilian pulp and paper sector is also large, consisting of more than 220 companies, which together employ approximately 80,000 people in industrial operations, as well as another 57,000 in forestry work and operations. The pulp and paper sector is almost fully privately-owned. The government allowed foreign investment in vital industries since 1995, and supports the sale of any residual parastatal enterprises.

User Contributions:

1
Gale zimmerman
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 7, 2008 @ 6:18 pm
Thank you this helped me a lot. It was exactly what i was looking for.
2
maaz
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 30, 2008 @ 5:05 am
thanks you helped me with my history work i love you
3
Kayla
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 4, 2008 @ 8:20 pm
thanks! This was exactly what i needed for my country report. you totally saved me!
4
arron
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 15, 2008 @ 8:20 pm
thanks mate u saved my life i neede that type of infomations cheers:)
5
eddie
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 26, 2008 @ 8:08 am
thanks! This was exactly what i needed for my country report. you totally saved me!
6
Andy
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 4, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
Lol cheers, you helped me loads with my geography assessment. I have two weeks worth to do in the space of about three hours :(
7
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 13, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
Thanks, the above mentioned report is really good and in brief but cover almost all the industrial strength of Brazil.
I want to know about oil extraction industry in Brazil especially palm oil extraction.
Can you please let me know the same.
8
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 15, 2010 @ 8:20 pm
You guys helped alot on my country report!! thank u so much! i wonder how many places have to do country reports?
9
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 27, 2010 @ 10:22 pm
Thanks so much, u saved me time :) cheers, this info was awesome! very helpful, please inform me on any more info on brazil in the future :)..
10
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 17, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
This a great site I was looking for I want to go on it agian soon
11
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 4, 2011 @ 6:06 am
Thank you so much, i guess i'm getting a lovely A* for my report!
12
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 1, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Thank you, you saved me from gettin isolation. you helped me loads on my Geography projekt, thanks (: :)
13
izzy
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 12, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
You need to add some more of the industries history
14
Jordy
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 9, 2012 @ 7:07 am
Thank YOU! :) Helped me alottt . I really enjoyed this website. My report is due in THREE days.
15
Jacobi
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 10, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Great info for my research, thanks a lot! This is the best website I've been to for industry on Brazil :)
16
Trevor
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 22, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Thankyou for this valuable information, Who is the Author of this Article?
17
kenyone
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 25, 2012 @ 11:11 am
thanks so much for this it saved my life and my histroy!!
18
karen
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 25, 2012 @ 12:00 am
thank u so much this report has every thing I need for mt
presentation
19
.............
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 25, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
You are AWESOME!!!:)Thanks for the info you gave me; it helped me do homework!
20
Silas
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 17, 2013 @ 10:10 am
Thank you so much for the information 8)
I was literally pulling hair out with the stress
in my school we have to do a project in Brazil
industry was easily the hardest page
thank you so much :3
8]
21
Bhavya
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 11, 2013 @ 4:04 am
Amazing! Everything I need in one place. Thanks a lot!
22
brie
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 26, 2014 @ 4:16 pm
thank-you so much this has help me thew my country report and its due in about 3 weeks and im still on my facts so thank you i need to used this more offend
23
Jonathan
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 19, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
Thank u it help my homework an it due November 21 2014
24
lauren
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 5, 2015 @ 10:10 am
thanks so much you helped me a lot! I'm doing a power point on Brazil for Geography and this really helped
25
Elias
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 1, 2016 @ 9:09 am
Thank you this information was good. I recommend this website to other people
26
Honey Boo Boo
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 30, 2017 @ 2:14 pm
Thanks just what i was looking for. Very good information
27
Zacharias Marshiallus
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 27, 2018 @ 8:08 am
Thanks B i really love u and keep up the good work this helped me a lot with my project


Thank u B
28
Mackenzie
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 19, 2019 @ 12:12 pm
Thank you! I had to do a country report and this saved me!
29
Jake
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 6, 2019 @ 4:16 pm
This helped me on my history essay so much, thank you guys
30
Nicolas Nogueras
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 28, 2019 @ 3:15 pm
This was useful information. I will win the contest about the best information about Brazil.

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA