Uganda - Energy and power

Hydroelectric facilities are ample, permitting export of energy to neighboring countries. In the early 1990s, hydroelectric potential was estimated at nearly 200,000 kW. The almost exclusive source of power is the Owen Falls Hydroelectric Scheme along the Victoria Nile, northwest of Jinja, which has an installed capacity of 162,000 kW. A total of 1.6 billion kWh (almost all hydroelectric) was generated in 2000, compared with the 1971 peak of 816 million kWh. Consumption of electricity in 2000 was 1.3 billion kWh. Only an estimated 3–5% of the population has access to electricity. Fuel wood and charcoal supply 95% of required energy.

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