Togo - Media

Telecommunications links are maintained with major African, European, and American cities. There is an automatic telephone exchange in Lomé, where most of the nation's 47,000 telephones (1999) are located. There were 10,000 cellular telephone subscribers in 1998. The radio network presents programs in French, English, and local languages. Television service, broadcast in French and local languages, began in 1973. As of 1999 there were 2 AM radio stations and 3 television stations. In 2000 there were 265 radios and 32 television sets for every 1,000 people. In 2001, three Internet service providers served 20,000 subscribers.

Most media are run by the government and criticism of key government policies or officials is not permitted. The Journal Official de la République du Togo is published daily in Lomé; another Lomé daily, Togo-Presses , published in French and Ewe , had a circulation of 15,000 in 1999.

The constitution of Togo provides for freedom of speech and of the press; however, though the government is said to generally respect these rights, it has on one occasion intimidated journalists through threats, detention, and other persecution. Opposition media are tolerated, though sometimes censored or prevented access to information.

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