Tanzania - Media

In 1998, there were 127,000 mainline telephones in use, with an additional 30,000 cellular phones reported in 1999. Radio Tanzania, a government corporation, broadcasts internally in Swahili and English and abroad in English, Afrikaans, and several indigenous African languages. Radio Tanzania Zanzibar broadcasts in Swahili. Private radio and television stations broadcast from Dar es Salaam. As of 1999 there were 12 AM and 4 FM radio stations and 3 television stations. In 2000 there were 281 radios and 20 television sets for every 1,000 people. Internet access was available through six service providers in 2000, with 115,000 subscribers by 2001.

The press is largely government-controlled. The largest dailies, both published in Dar es Salaam, are the government-owned Daily News (in English), with a circulation of about 50,000 in 2002, and the CCM-owned Uhuru (in Swahili), with a circulation of 100,000. Kipanga (in Swahili) is published on Zanzibar by the government.

The constitution provides for freedom of speech and the press; however, the government is said to pressure journalists into self-censorship.

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