The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports that in 2001 São Tomé and Príncipe's gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated at $189 million. The per capita GDP was estimated at $1,200. The annual growth rate of GDP was estimated at 4%. The average inflation rate in 2001 was 7%. The CIA defines GDP as the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year and computed on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP) rather than value as measured on the basis of the rate of exchange. It was estimated that agriculture accounted for 25% of GDP, industry 10%, and services 65%.
Worker remittances in 2001 totaled $.6 million. Foreign aid receipts amounted to about $251 per capita and accounted for approximately 91% of the gross national income (GNI).
The World Bank reports that in 2001 per capita household consumption (in constant 1995 US dollars) was $169. Household consumption includes expenditures of individuals, households, and nongovernmental organizations on goods and services, excluding purchases of dwellings. It was estimated that for the same period private consumption grew at an annual rate of 1%.