Mozambique - Environment

The civil war combined with natural disasters from flooding and drought have created a life-threatening situation for the nation's people. According to a 1992 UN report, humans were the most endangered species in Mozambique. Other significant environmental problems include the loss of 70% of the nation's forests. The nation lost 7.7% of its forest and woodland between 1983 and 1993 alone. Mozambique has since launched reforestation projects, mostly involving the planting of conifers and eucalyptus. The purity of the nation's water supply is also a significant issue. Surface and coastal waters have been affected by pollution. Mozambique has 100 cu km of renewable water resources. About 89% is used in farming and 2% for industrial purposes. Only 81% of the nation's city dwellers and 41% of the rural population have access to pure drinking water. As of 2001, 13 of the nation's mammal species and 14 bird species were endangered. About 57 plant species were threatened with extinction. Endangered species in Mozambique include the green sea, hawksbill, olive ridley, and leatherback turtles.

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