Accelerating migration from rural to urban areas contributed to an annual urban growth rate of about 6% in the early 1990s. Between October 1992 and mid-1996, 1.3 million Mozambican refugees repatriated from Malawi. The return of refugees to Mozambique is apparently complete. As of 1999, the majority of refugees were from the Great Lakes region. They were receiving assistance at M'dzaleka refugee camp. In 2000 the net migration rate was -0.8 per 1,000 population, a significant change from -17.1 per 1,000 in 1990. The total number of migrants in 2000 was 280,000, including refugees. The government views the migration levels as satisfactory.