Forests and woodlands cover an estimated 2.6 million ha (6.3 million acres), or 27% of the land area. Natural forests are extensive, and in the high-altitude regions, the Forestry Department is engaged in a softwood afforestation program. However, Malawi's annual rate of deforestation was 2.4% during 1990–2000. Sizable plantations of pine, cypress, and cedar have been established. Roundwood removals in 2000 were estimated at 5,484,000 cu m (193,585,000 cu ft), of which 91% went for fuel.