Since the mid-1980s, the government has encouraged tourism as a source of foreign exchange, and the industry grew until 1991, when there was a decline due to civil unrest. There has been renewed growth in tourism, however, and in 2000 there were 160,071 arrivals, with tourism receipts totaling $119 million. That year there were 6,700 hotel rooms with 11,945 beds and a 63% occupancy rate. Passports and visas are required, as well as certificates of vaccination against cholera and yellow fever of persons arriving from an infected area.
In 2002, the US government estimated the cost of staying in Antananarivo at $168 per day.