Old age, disability and survivor's pensions are funded by 1% contributions by employees and 3.5% by employers. There is a National Social Security Fund that provides family allowances and workers' compensation for wage earners. The Labor Code requires employers to provide sick leave at 100% pay for a period of one month, with benefits dropping to 50% for subsequent months. Employed women also receive 14 weeks of maternity leave at 50% of pay.
Women enjoy a highly visible and influential position in society, occupying some important posts in business and in the public sector. Domestic abuse is not widespread and women have recourse if reported to authorities. Child labor is persists.
Human rights are generally respected. Excessive pretrial detention is a problem in Madagascar, sometimes extending for periods that surpass the maximum sentence for the alleged offense.