There is a predominance of foreign labor in scientific and technical positions. Al-Fatah University at Tripoli (founded in 1973) has faculties of science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, nuclear engineering, and petroleum and mining engineering. The University of Garyounis at Banghazi (founded in 1955) has faculties of science and engineering. Bright Star University of Technology at Marsa al-Brega (founded in 1981) has faculties of basic engineering science, electrical and electronic engineering, mechanical and production engineering, chemical engineering, and petroleum engineering. Al-Arab Medical University at Benghazi was founded in 1984. Sebha University has faculties of science, agriculture, medicine, and engineering. A posts and telecommunications institute is at Tripoli.
Despite its abundant oil and gas reserves, Libya is highly interested in nuclear power. A 10-MW research reactor is located at Tajura. 1987–97, Libya had 493 technicians per million people engaged in research and development.