Ethiopia - Migration



Internal migration is from rural to urban areas. By 1982, up to4.5 million people had been displaced as a result of occasional drought, past civil strife, and border fighting. In 1984–85, over 600,000 northern peasants were resettled, forcibly if necessary, in 77 sites in the more fertile west and south. Meanwhile, over 2.8 million rural inhabitants, mostly Oromo, were moved to collective villages. As the war for control of Ethiopia intensified between 1989 and 1991, more people were displaced.

Since the change of government in 1991, 970,000 Ethiopian refugees have returned home from neighboring countries. As of 1997, there were still 70,000 Ethiopian refugees in neighboring countries. There were 60,000 in eastern Sudan, 5,700 in Kenya, 2,500 in Djibouti, and 450 in Yemen. By November 1995, the UNHCR had repatriated 31,617 Ethiopian refugees from Djibouti. Between 1993 and 1996, the UNHCR repatriated 62,000 from Sudan. In 1997, UNHCR had started planning the airlift of around 4,400 Ethiopian refugees remaining in Kenya.

As of March 1997, Ethiopia was home to more than 338,000 refugees, settled in 12 camps and urban areas. Of these, 285,000 were from Somalia, 35,500 from Sudan, 8,000 from Djibouti, and 8,600 from Kenya. In February 1997, the UNHCR started to repatriate Somalis; 2,600 refugees had returned to northwestern Somalia by the end of March. Repatriation of Somalis, and Sudanese continued in 2002. The total number of migrants in that year was 660,000. In 2000, the net migration rate was -0.1 migrants per 1,000 population for Ethiopia, a significant change from 3.5 per 1,000 in 1990. Ethiopians who fled to Sudan due to war and famine continued to return home in 2002.

Also read article about Ethiopia from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

1
Rebecca
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 23, 2007 @ 4:04 am
I was very pleased with this article and it helped me to find out more about immigration in Ethopia
2
Alemayehu Gebre
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 26, 2009 @ 7:07 am
I was very pleased with this article and it helped me to find out more about immigration in Ethopia
3
Teklemaaariam Yilma
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 27, 2009 @ 11:23 pm
It was a very good information about migration in Ethiopia, but it is very short so, if can add more than this.
4
Samuel Dalacho
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 19, 2009 @ 3:03 am
As other comment senders said I also very pleased with this artiche. And i got the true information about migration rate in my country. But why not more information is not added?
5
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 20, 2010 @ 8:08 am
The information you give me is very pleasant. i'd like to ask one Question. I want to know about migrants from Gojam area and who become a lottery seller in A.A so can i get some information about this area. i look forward to your response, thanks.
6
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 21, 2011 @ 12:00 am
thank you for your observation on migration. I want to share you some information about internal migration in Harar. due to the existence of 'contraband" business, freedom movement and above all the recent government innitiated construction projects, large number of young men and women are inmigrating to harar mainly from southern ethiopia and casing serious pressure on the existing economic and social facilities. And I would like to work with you if you have any project aimed at reducing this problem. thank you
7
kalisah
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 22, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
this helped alot thnx i should get an a on my paper
8
Pinkie Angela
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 10, 2013 @ 7:19 pm
i am doing a CBA (classroom-based assessment)on African migration. I chose the topic Ethiopia. This site was very helpful. I now know more about Ethiopia.
9
Pinkie Angela
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 10, 2013 @ 7:19 pm
i am doing a CBA (classroom-based assessment)on African migration. I chose the topic Ethiopia. This site was very helpful. I now know more about Ethiopia.
10
Pinkie
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 10, 2013 @ 8:20 pm
I am sure to get an A on my CBA. It helped alot. I will include your site in my bibliography.Thanks! :3

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA