In 1990, there were 613 doctors, 175 pharmacists, 35 dentists, 1,624 nurses, and 498 midwives. As of 1999, there were an estimated 0.3 physicians and 3.4 hospital beds per 1,000 people.
In 1999, the birth rate was 38 per 1,000 people. The overall death rate was estimated at 16 per 1,000 people in 2002, while infant mortality in 2000 was at 68 deaths per 1,000 live births. In 2000, the average life expectancy was estimated at 51 years.
An endemic disease control service conducts vaccination and inoculation campaigns. All medicine, antibiotic, and vaccine imports must be authorized by the Ministry of Health. In 1999, there were 318 reported cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 people. As of 1999, immunization rates for children up to one year old were as follows: diphtheria, polio, and tetanus, 29%, and measles, 23%. In 1990, 24% of children under five years old were considered malnourished. In the mid-1990s, 50% of urban and 11% of rural inhabitants had access to safe water.
At the end of 2001 the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 110,000 (including 7.2% of the adult population) and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 11,000. HIV prevalence in 1999 was 6.43 per 100 adults.