In 2002 armed forces numbered approximately 81,400 with the army consisting of around 79,000 personnel. The navy numbered approximately 900 and there were around 1,500 members of the air force. Paramilitary forces operated at both the national and provincial levels and included a rapid intervention police force. Opposition forces numbered around 41,000 members splintered into several factions. Foreign forces in DROC are present to support both the government and the opposition. In 1998 the DROC spent $364 million on defense, or 6.6% of GDP.