The tourism industry was undeveloped at independence and has stagnated since 1983. In 2000, there were 389 hotel rooms with a total of 778 beds. The number of arrivals was at 23,893 and tourist receipts totaled $15million. No vaccinations are required, but antimalarial precautions are advisable. A passport, visa, and return/onward ticket are required. In 1999, the UN estimated the daily cost of staying in Moroni at $115–138, depending upon the choice of hotel. Mutsamudu is significantly less expensive, at $68 per day. Water sports are the primary recreational activities.