In 1987, there were 6 main hospitals, 10 secondary hospitals and medical centers, and 4 maternity clinics. In 1990, there were 57 doctors (one physician per 23,540 people), 6 pharmacists, 6 dentists, 155 nurses, and 86 midwives. In 1990, there were 1.4 hospital beds per 1,000 people. In 1997, there were 0.07 physicians, 0.3 nurses, 0.1 midwives, and 0.1 dentists per 1,000 people.
As of 2002, there was an estimated birth rate of 39 births per 1,000 people and a death rate of 9 deaths per 1,000 people. Average life expectancy was 60.8 years. The fertility rate was 5 births per woman and the infant mortality rate was estimated at 82 deaths per 1,000 live births. In 1994, about 38,000 children were estimated to die each year before age five. The maternal mortality rate was 950 per 100,000 live births in 1990.
Lack of animal protein is a serious problem. In addition, a large percentage of the adult population suffers from malaria and there is a high incidence of tuberculosis and leprosy. In 1994, 494 tuberculosis cases were reported. There were no cases of polio in Comoros in 1995. The immunization rates were the following in the mid-1990s: tuberculosis, 95%; diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus, 60%; polio, 60%; and measles, 60%.
Only 15 cases of AIDS were reported in 1995 for this country of 630,000.