Customs duties are the principal revenue source. Privatization of government-owned enterprises continues under IMF restructuring plans. The government spent an estimated 20% of GDP in 1999, and has made incremental progress with structural reforms since 1995.
The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates that in 1999 Chad's central government took in revenues of approximately $198 million and had expenditures of $218 million including capital expenditures of $146 million. Overall, the government registered a deficit of approximately $20 million. External debt totaled $1.1 billion.