In 2002, Chad's armed forces totaled about 30,350 individuals, with an estimated 25,000 in the army, 350 in the air force, the remainder in the Republican Guard. The gendarmerie and other paramilitary forces totaled about 4,500. Equipment includes 60 main battle tanks and two combat aircraft. About 950 French troops were based in Chad. Opposition forces including Western Armed Forces and Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad, have unknown strength. Chad spent $31 million for defense in 2001, or 1.9% of GDP.