Cameroon - Judicial system



Cameroonian law has three main sources: local customary law, the French civil code, and British law, although drafting of a unified code was reported under way in the 1980s. The Supreme Court, in addition to its other powers and duties granted by the constitution, gives final judgment on such appeals as may be granted by the law from the judgments of the provincial courts of appeal. The system also includes appeals courts in each of the 10 provinces, courts of first instance in each of the country's 58 divisions and a 15-member High Court of Justice, appointed by the National Assembly. Proposals for appointments and sanctions against magistrates throughout the republic are started by the Higher Judicial Council, of which the head of state is president. A Court of Impeachment has the right to try the president for high treason and cabinet ministers for conspiracy against the security of the state.

A State Security Court established in 1990 hears cases involving internal or external state security. Traditional courts that resolve domestic, probate, and minor property disputes remain an important element in the judicial system. These courts vary considerably according to region and ethnic group. Appeal is possible in most cases to traditional authorities of a higher rank.

Prior to the 1995 amendments (promulgated in 1996) to the 1972 constitution, the judiciary was supervised by the Ministry of Justice, part of the executive, and did not function as an independent branch of government. The December 1995 amendments provided for a more independent judiciary. However, as of 2003, these provisions were not implemented. There continues to be reported abuses, including beatings of detainees, arbitrary arrests, and illegal searches. The judiciary remains frequently corrupt, inefficient, and subject to political influence.

Also read article about Cameroon from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

1
Nyenty Lionel
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May 24, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
I am a Cameroonian by birth and i am interested in reading the Judicial system of my country.
2
famneng raphael foyet
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Oct 2, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
we as Cameroonians we need the system to be much more deals with Adminsrative methods rather than political means which some people benefit and do not
3
gage
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Aug 18, 2010 @ 4:04 am
cameroon will be a better country with laws that reflect our lives and cultures and not law that are very old and out fashioned.i however appreciate the effords made so far.
4
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Dec 19, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
I am a proud cameroonian and I do appreciate the efforts of law makers but much has to done as far as the application these laws are concern.
5
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Apr 16, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
I AM A CAMEROONIAN BY NATIONALITY AND BY BIRTH AND A PROUD ONE AT THAT.AS CAMEROONIAN YOUTHS IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM UNDER WHICH WE OPERATE IN ORDER TO HELP US KNOW THE LAPSES AND PLAN FOR A BETTER CAMEROON TOMORROW;TO SEE THE GLORY AND THE PROMISE WHICH WAS EARLIER PROCLAIMED FULFILLED.
6
awasum nelson
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Feb 3, 2013 @ 11:11 am
I AM PROUDLY A CAMEROONIAN BY BIRTH AND BY NATIONALITY.I THINK KNOWING THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF MY PRECIOUS NATION IS MY DUTY.
7
NSOM MICHEAL
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Dec 27, 2013 @ 6:06 am
I AM A CAMEROONIAN BY NATIONALITY AND FROM WHAT I HAVE OBSERVED THIS PAST YEARS IS THAT THE CAMEROONIAN JUDICIAL SYSTEM STILL NEED TO UNDERGO EXTENSIVE SCANNING AS IT DOES NOT RESPECT THE PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION OF POWERS
8
Awang
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Dec 3, 2015 @ 4:16 pm
Am a Cameroonian by birth and nationality and deeply appreciate every effort put in place by lawmakers to came out with wonderful laws even though much is still to be done when it comes to the enforcement of these laws.
9
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Feb 20, 2019 @ 5:17 pm
I am a Cameroonian by birth though not proud of my nationality.I do appreciate the efforts put forth by law makers to come up with this article. It is very important to know that these laws are supposed to be obeyed by every citizen of the country.so let the law makers see into it that all those who go against these laws are sanctioned.I mean every body irrespective of your position in the society.I say so because hierarchys' do was ever they want but are never answerable to their crimes. If that's the case, it means these laws are useless.

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