Burundi - Public finance

Burundi is extremely dependent on foreign aid, although the crisis in 1993 forced the IMF to suspend structural adjustment programs. Emphasized reforms included price liberalization, governmental transparency, debt reduction, and a wider variety of exports.

The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates that in 2000 Burundi's central government took in revenues of approximately $125 million and had expenditures of $176 million. Overall, the government registered a deficit of approximately $51 million. External debt totaled $1.12 billion.

The following table shows an itemized breakdown of government revenues and expenditures. The percentages were calculated from data reported by the International Monetary Fund. The dollar amounts (millions) are based on the CIA estimates provided above.


Tax revenue 80.7% 101
Non-tax revenue 5.6% 7
Grants 13.6% 17
General public services 23.9% 42
Defense 23.4% 41
Public order and safety 2.4% 4
Education 15.2% 27
Health 2.2% 4
Social security 5.1% 9
Recreation, cultural, and religious affairs 0.3% 1
Economic affairs and services 4.3% 8
Other expenditures 14.2% 25
Interest payments 9.0% 16
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