Angola lies in the yellow fever endemic zone. Cholera incidence is high. In 1995, there were 3,295 cases and 248 related deaths from cholera. Only a small fraction of the population receives even rudimentary medical attention (an estimated 30% from 1985 to 1995). As of 1999, the ratio of physicians per population was estimated at 1.3 per 1,000 people. In 2000, average life expectancy was estimated at only 41 years and infant mortality was estimated at 128 per 1,000 live births. The incidence of tuberculosis in 1999 was 271 per 100,000 people. Immunization rates for one-year-old children in 1999 were estimated at 22% for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus and 46% for measles. Malnutrition affected an estimated 53% of children under five years of age as of 1999. From 1975 to 1992, there were 300,000 civil war-related deaths. The overall death rate was estimated at 24 per 1,000 in 2002. The HIV prevalence was 2.78 per 100 adults in 2000. As of 2001, there were an estimated 350,000 adults and children living with HIV/AIDS and the disease affected5.5% of the adult population. There were an estimated 24,000 deaths from AIDS in 2001.
In 2000, 38% of the population had access to safe drinking water and 44% had adequate sanitation.