Armenia - International trade

Armenia has maintained a trade deficit since independence in 1991. According to the CIA World Factbook , Armenia exported US$240 million in 1999, an increase of almost 5 percent compared to 1998. The country has also diversified its trading partners and now trades with an increasing number of Western nations. Armenia imported US$782 million in 1999, a decrease of about 6.5 percent compared to 1998, but still 3 times the amount of 1993. Until the nation's economy recovers, this deficit will continue.

Belgium is Armenia's largest export partner, importing a total value of US$84 million, followed by Russia and Iran, both of which imported US$34 million in 1999. In fourth place was the United States, importing US$16 million, and in fifth came Georgia with US$11 million. Most of the Armenian exports, US$127 million, went to industrial countries, and US$97 million went to developing countries, according to the IMF.

Armenia's main import partner was Russia, accounting for US$181 million in 1999. Second came the United States, exporting US$86 million in 1999. The

Trade (expressed in millions of US$): Armenia
exports Imports
1994 215 393
1995 270 673
1996 290 855
1997 232 892
1998 223 895
1999 232 799
SOURCE: United Nations. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics (September 2000).

Exchange rates: Armenia
dram per US$1
Feb 2001 554.29
2000 539.53
1999 535.06
1998 504.92
1997 490.85
1996 414.04
SOURCE: CIA World Factbook 2001 [ONLINE].

United States was followed by Belgium, which exported US$85 million, then Iran with US$78 million, and in fifth was the United Kingdom, exporting US$67 million. Of Armenia's total imports, US$368 million came from industrial countries and US$451 million came from developing countries, according to the IMF's Direction of Trade Statistical Yearbook 2000 .

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