Uganda - Agriculture

The agricultural sector is dominant in Uganda's economy. Whilst this sector grew at an annual average of only 3.7 percent over 1990-99 compared to the far more impressive growth of the industrial and service sectors, the importance of agriculture in Uganda's economy outweighs all other sectors put together. The agricultural sector employs 82 percent of the workforce, accounts for 90 percent of export earnings, and provided 44 percent of GDP in 1999. Moreover, the farmers in Uganda's 2.5 million smallholdings and scattered large commercial farms provide the majority of their own and the rest of the country's staple food requirements. Uganda is able to rely on agriculture due to the country's excellent access to waterways, fertile soils, and, (relative to many other African nations) its regular rainfall, although it does still suffer from intermittent droughts such as in 1993-94.

Uganda's key agricultural products can be divided into cash crops, food crops, and horticultural produce. The most important cash crops are coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, and cocoa. Uganda is second only to Kenya as Africa's largest producer of tea, exporting US$17.06 million of tea in 1996 and $39 million by 1998. Unmanufactured tobacco exports provided US$9.5 million in 1998, over 25 percent more than in 1996. The export of cocoa beans hit a recent high in 1996 with US$1.07 million in export receipts, but this had declined to $0.87 million in 1998. The primary food crops, mainly for domestic consumption, include plantains, cassava, maize, millet, and sorghum. Total cereal production was 1.76 million metric tons in 1998, which provided US$17.82 million of exports in 1998. This gain was in part negated as imports of cereals were $30.9 million in the same year. The more recent development of cultivating horticultural produce includes fresh flowers, chilies, vanilla, asparagus, and medicinal plants. At the beginning of 2001 it is unclear how well horticultural production will prosper but it does indicate the economy's potential diversity. The fact that vanilla production is the third largest in Africa, providing US$930,000 in export receipts in 1998, is a success in itself.

The economy of northeast Uganda is dominated by pastoralism (cattle farming). Although agricultural production is apparent in some areas, this is normally a mixture known as "agro-pastoralism" (integrated cattle and crop farming). It should be noted that pastoralism is in decline due to the constant cattle raids by guerrilla groups such as the Lord's Resistance Army based in southern Sudan, as well as government and aid agency intervention which encourages the fencing off of land to discourage the traditional free-roaming of cattle.

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Apr 21, 2011 @ 6:06 am
Thanks for the information delivered. Aren't there some recent facts perhaps 2000-2005. It will be my pleasure if am answered positively.
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Jun 7, 2011 @ 8:08 am
if in Ugana the same weather and kinds of plants the same in JUBA
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Jun 9, 2011 @ 4:04 am
Uganda should take advantage of the agriculture sector because of the fertile land and the availability of water,the water should be you to set up irrigation schemes like in the northern corridor to facilitate so doing it will mean that the government would have created both indirect and direct employment to the citizens hence economic growth for the country better living standards.The government should also improve on the transport network for farmers and vis versa
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Jul 15, 2011 @ 3:03 am
Well, the article contains crucial information, however for Uganda to take advantage of abundant,fertile lands they will have to add value or process their agricultural produce to further develop secondary as well as tertiary agro-industries for the benefit of its people.
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Sep 13, 2011 @ 7:07 am
I need the current status of Agriculture up to 2010
Stephen Biribonwa
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Oct 3, 2011 @ 1:01 am
Thanx for the information, however, I believe more has been achieved; for instance the NAADS program has been here for the last ten years and a lot of technology transfer hence more production in the various agriculture sector. LRA war is history and lots of stability. Kindly update me with the most current information say up to 2011.
Ochen paul
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Jan 3, 2012 @ 1:01 am
I would be very interested in the recent performance of agricultural sector in alleviating rural poverty.Please try to give us more information on that! Anyway thanks for the above information.
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Apr 1, 2012 @ 7:07 am
I would like to know the current status of horticultural crops especially the cut flowers -roses in relation to employment opportunities.
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Aug 21, 2012 @ 3:03 am
i need statistical contribution of subsectors of agriculture to uganda's economy up to 2010
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Oct 2, 2012 @ 4:04 am
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Oct 17, 2012 @ 5:05 am
Thanks for the infor here!! also let me advise that thr is some recent infor on Agriculture in Uganda in the Agriculture Census 2010/2011 just released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. goodluck
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Dec 10, 2012 @ 2:02 am
There is a need to talk about the influence of transport facilities on the agricultural sector but otherwise THANX THANX !!!
Kutegeka Lydia
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Oct 8, 2013 @ 1:01 am
Thank you for the good information you have delivered to me, Is it possible to have current status of Agriculture and how it has affected the lives of women.
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Oct 24, 2013 @ 2:02 am
Thanks yet I want to know the 2010 and above contribution of the sector to Uganda's gdp!
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Sep 9, 2015 @ 9:09 am
In the quest for structural transformation,whats wrong with Uganda's Agriculture?
hiugenyi abed
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Sep 28, 2015 @ 7:07 am
in the quest for structural transformation,what's wrong with Uganda's agriculture
komuhwezi racheal
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Mar 18, 2016 @ 5:05 am
THANKS! there is need to compare agriculture in uganda and dietary diversities especially in the rural areas.
Waspa Nuupe
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Aug 16, 2017 @ 9:21 pm
this site was very helpful, thank you so much this information about agriculture is great
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Sep 19, 2017 @ 7:07 am
i would like to know the ecological farming systems in Uganda in details?

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