1891. The British establish Malawi, then called Nyasaland, as a protectorate.
1953. Formation of the Central African Federation of Nyasaland and Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe, respectively).
1962. Hastings Kamuzu Banda becomes prime minister.
1963. Malawi leaves the Central African Federation.
1964. Malawi gains independence from Britain.
1966. Malawi becomes a republic.
1970. Hastings Banda declared president-for-life.
1994. A new democratic, pluralistic Malawian constitution enacted (based on the U.S. Constitution); multi-party elections held for the first time; Bakili Muzuli ousts Hastings Banda.
1999. Bakili Muzuli re-elected as president in second free elections.