Madagascar - Poverty and wealth

Chronic poverty is Madagascar's foremost burden. Its wage rates are amongst the lowest in the world, and, according to a 1993-94 survey, 70 percent of the country

GDP per Capita (US$)
Country 1975 1980 1985 1990 1998
Madagascar 364 344 277 276 238
United States 19,364 21,529 23,200 25,363 29,683
South Africa 4,574 4,620 4,229 4,113 3,918
Mozambique N/A 166 115 144 188
SOURCE: United Nations. Human Development Report 2000; Trends in human development and per capita income.

Distribution of Income or Consumption by Percentage Share: Madagascar
Lowest 10% 1.9
Lowest 20% 5.1
Second 20% 9.4
Third 20% 13.3
Fourth 20% 20.1
Highest 20% 52.1
Highest 10% 36.7
Survey year: 1993
Note: This information refers to expenditure shares by percentiles of the population and is ranked by per capita expenditure.
SOURCE: 2000 World Development Indicators [CD-ROM].

lived below even Madagascar's own baseline poverty level, and conditions had not improved by the end of the century. Average per capita GDP sits at US$250 per annum (1999), low even for sub-Saharan economies, and one-hundredth of France's GDP per capita. Although the economy continues to grow, the effects remain unfelt by the majority of the population, for whom disease and famine are continual blights.

Poverty levels are not helped by skewed distribution. Traditional Malagasy society is highly hierarchical, with a rigid ranking system according to ethnicity, age, and gender. The effect has been to rigidify social structures and to leave Madagascar's richest 10 percent controlling 35 percent of the country's wealth. Corruption and patronage too tend to concentrate wealth in the hands of the elite, though the planned devolution of governmental power to the regions may go some way to expanding the political class.

Also read article about Madagascar from Wikipedia

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De'Montrez Williams
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Dec 3, 2011 @ 11:11 am
what is the causes of poverty cause i don't know what it is like y'all need to comment and tell me what it mean please
holly
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Nov 26, 2012 @ 4:04 am
hi this website is good and it helped me with my work

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