Population using solid fuels, total (% of population) - MDGs - Millenium Development Goals - African Development Indicators
Other country level comparisons:
The percentage of population using solid fuels is the percentage of the population that relies on solid fuels as the primary source of domestic energy for cooking and heating. Solid fuels include biomass fuels, such as wood, charcoal, crops or other agricultural waste, dung, shrubs and straw, and coal. In estimating solid fuel use for a given year, the methods developed and implemented by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (WHO & UNICEF 2006 ) were followed. Solid fuel information is either extrapolated (single year data point), averaged (two or more years that are spaced four or fewer years apart) or a linear regression is performed when solid fuel use information is available for two or more years that are spaced at least five years apart. Limitations of the indicator: (a) The indicator uses solid fuel use as a proxy for indoor air pollution, as it is not currently possible to obtain nationally representative samples of indoor concentrations of criteria pollutants, such as small particles and carbon monoxide. (b) The indicator is based on the main type of fuel used for cooking as cooking occupies the largest share of overall household energy needs. However, many households use more than one type of fuel for cooking and, depending on climatic and geographical conditions, heating with solid fuels can also be a contributor to indoor air pollution levels. Source: Solid fuel use data are routinely collected at the national and sub national levels in most countries using censuses and surveys. Household surveys used include: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-supported Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS); United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS); WHO-supported World Health Surveys (WHS); and other reliable and nationally representative country surveys.