Caribbean Development Bank: Annual Report. St. Michael, Barbados: Caribbean Development Bank, 1995.
The Caribbean's Top 100 Public Companies 97–98. St. Michael, Barbados: Tim Forsythe, 1997.
Encyclopaedia of the Third World. 4th edition. Oxford: Facts on File, 1992.
Highlights of the Manifesto of the People's National Party. Kingston, Jamaica: The Gleaner Co., 1997.
Rosenberg, Matthew J. "Jamaica Uses Army Against Opposition Protestors." Washington Post, July 11, 2001,p. A16.
"Jamaica Turns the Corner: Entering a New Cycle of Growth." Institutional Investor, May 2002, vol. 36, no. 5,p. SS6+.
Profile researched and written by Rachael and Ian Boxill, University of the West Indies, Jamaica (6/98; updated 3/2002 and 2/2003).