SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO
CAPITAL : Belgrade
FLAG : The flag is a tricolor of blue, white, and red horizontal stripes.
MONETARY UNIT : The new dinar ( JD ) replaced the dinar on 24 January 1994. As of May 2003, JD 1 = $0.1696 (or $1 = JD 58.95).
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is in force.
HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 and 2 January; Orthodox Christmas, 7 January; Orthodox New Year, 13 January; Unification of Serbia, 28 March; FR Yugoslavia Day, 27 April; Labor Day, 1 May; Victory Day, 9 May; St. Vitus Day, 28 June; Serbian Uprising, 7 July.
TIME : 1 PM = noon GMT.
Rich fertile plains are found in the Serbian north, while in the east there are limestone ranges and basins. Serbia and Montenegro's mountains and uplands are in the southeast. The shoreline of southwestern Montenegro is highly elevated, with no offshore islands. Serbia and Montenegro has 15 mountains with elevations exceeding 2,000 m (6,560 ft). The highest point is Daravica, in the Prokletija range, at 2,656 m (8,714 ft).
FLORA AND FAUNA
The animals found in Serbia and Montenegro include types of hare, pheasant, deer, stag, wild boar, fox, chamois, mouflon, crane, duck, and goose.
Serbian is the principal language of 95% of the population; Albanian accounts for the remaining 5%.
Serbia and Montenegro is composed of two republics (Serbia and Montenegro) and two autonomous provinces (Kosovo and Vojvodina).
The Federal Court of Serbia and Montenegro has an equal number of judges from each member state. The judges are appointed by the Assembly for nonrenewable six-year terms. The judges must be law graduates with at least 15 years of legal practice behind them. The court has constitutional and administrative functions.
In 2001, the livestock population included 3,364,000 pigs and hogs, 1,782,000 sheep, 1,360,000 head of cattle, 239,000 goats, 49,000 horses, and 21,100,000 poultry. Total meat production that year was 1,871,000 tons; milk, 1,759,000 tons. Between 1990 and 1999, total livestock production increased by 1.8%.
The total catch in 2000 was 1,096 tons, 61% from inland waters. Common carp accounts for much of the inland catch.
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reports that in 2002 the purchasing power parity of Yugoslavia's (now Serbia and Montenegro's) exports was $2.2 billion while imports totaled $5.3 billion resulting in a trade deficit of $3.1 billion.
Insurance of public transport passengers, motor vehicle insurance, aircraft insurance, and insurance on bank deposits are compulsory. Only domestic insurance companies may provide insurance. The insurance industry is monitored by the Federal Ministry of Finance.
Information on the government's revenue and expenditures are not available.
No recent information is available regarding Serbia and Montenegro's tax structure. In Serbia, the republic government, rather than the city governments, collects local taxes and then disperses part of the funds to city officials. Local factories pay no city taxes in Serbia.
Serbia and Montenegro has no dependencies or territories.
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