ROMANIA



Romania

CAPITAL : Bucharest (Bucuresti)

FLAG : The national flag, adopted in 1965, is a tricolor of blue, yellow, and red vertical stripes.

ANTHEM : Trei culori (Three Colors).

MONETARY UNIT : The leu ( L ) is a paper currency of 100 bani. There are coins of 25 bani and 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 lei, and notes of 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, and 5,000 lei. L 1 = $0.0000299 (or $1 = L 33,409) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; International Labor Day, 1–2 May; Liberation Day, 23 August; National Day, 1 December; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME : 2 PM = noon GMT.


DEPENDENCIES

Romania has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Romania. More about Romania's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Romania.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Axworthy, Mark. Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945. London: Arms and Armour, 1995.

Bachman, Ronald D. (ed.). Romania: A Country Study. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1991.

Castellan, Georges. A History of the Romanians . New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

Ceausescu, Ilie. Romanian Military Doctrine: Past and Present. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

——. War, Revolution, and Society in Romania: The Road to Independence. Boulder, Colo.: East European Quarterly, 1983.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Human Rights and Democratization in Romania. Washington, D.C.: Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 1994.

Deletant, Andrea, and Dennis Deletant. Romania [Bibliography]. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-Clio, 1985.

Dima, Nicholas. From Moldavia to Moldova: The Soviet-Romanian Territorial Dispute. 2d ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Fischer, Mary Ellen. Nicolae Ceausescu: A Study in Political Leadership. Boulder, Colo.: L. Rienner Publishers, 1989.

Fischer-Galati, Stephen A. Twentieth Century Rumania. 2d ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Gross, Peter. Mass Media in Revolution and National Development: The Romanian Laboratory. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1996.

International Smoking Statistics: A Collection of Historical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Kellogg, Frederick. The Road to Romanian Independence. West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, 1995.

King, Robert R. History of the Romanian Communist Party. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1980.

Linden, Ronald Haly. Communist States and International Change: Romania and Yugoslavia in Comparative Perspective. Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Lungu, Dov B. Romania and the Great Powers, 1933–1940. Durham: Duke University Press, 1989.

McElrath, Karen (ed.). HIV and AIDS: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Otetea, Andrei, and Andrew MacKenzie (eds.). A Concise History of Romania. New York: St. Martin's, 1985.

Rady, Martyn C. Romania in Turmoil: A Contemporary History. London: IB Tauris, 1992.

Saiu, Liliana. The Great Powers and Rumania, 1944–1946: A Study of the Early Cold War Era. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992.

Shafir, Michael. Romania: Politics, Economics and Society. Boulder, Colo.: L. Rienner, 1985.

Treptow, Kurt W. Historical Dictionary of Romania. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow, 1996.

Verdery, Katherine. National Ideology under Socialism: Identity and Cultural Politics in Ceausescu's Romania. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Verona, Sergiu. Military Occupation and Diplomacy: Soviet Troops in Romania, 1944–1958. Durham: Duke University Press, 1992.

User Contributions:

cb101
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Apr 3, 2008 @ 10:10 am
thanks it helped alot on my test i got a 100 and learned alot to
carly11
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Apr 26, 2008 @ 8:20 pm
doing my geography report last min, this helped alot.
TIti
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Oct 12, 2009 @ 3:03 am
The national anthem is not anymore "Trei Culori" (Three Colors). This was the anthem used under communist regime.

Now it's "Deşteaptă-te române" (Awaken thee, Romanian!)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De%C5%9Fteapt%C4%83-te,_rom%C3%A2ne!
madmaddy
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Nov 30, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
this helped me a lot with my report and i learned more than i ever would have before.

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