Poland - Health
As of 1999, there were an estimated 2.3 physicians and 5.1 hospital beds per 1,000 people. The same year, the total health care expenditure was estimated at 6.2% of GDP.
Poland's birth rate was an estimated 10.3 per 1,000 people as of 2002. In 1990–95 75% of married women (ages 15 to 49) used contraception. There were 440,603 births in 1999, translating to a total fertility rate of 1.6. In 1994, Poland immunized children up to one year old against tuberculosis, 94%; diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus, 95%; polio, 96%; and measles, 96%. As of 1999, the rates for DPT and measles were, respectively, 98% and 97%.
Life expectancy in 2000 averaged 73 years and infant mortality was 9 per 1,000 live births. The general mortality rate was 10 per 1,000 people in 1999.
There were many cases of tuberculosis in 1994 as part of the spread of tuberculosis throughout much of Eastern Europe (39 per 100,000 people in 1999). The heart disease mortality rate for Polish men and women was below average for high human development countries. The likelihood of dying after 65 of heart disease in 1990–1993 was 240 in 1,000 for men and 201 in 1,000 for women. In 1994, there were 197,603 deaths due to cardiovascular disease. In Poland, the smoking prevalence in men was high (51%) and slightly less for women (29%) in 1993. HIV prevalence in 1999 was 0.1 per 100 adults. Approximately 12,000 people were infected with HIV as of 1997.