Situated in northwestern Europe, the Netherlands has a total area of 41,526 sq km (16,033 sq mi), of which inland water accounts for more than 7,643 sq km (2,951 sq mi). The land area is 33,883 sq km (13,082 sq mi). Comparatively, the area occupied by the Netherlands is slightly less than twice the size of the state of New Jersey. The Netherlands extends 312 km (194 mi) N – S and 264 km (164 mi) E – W . The land area increases slightly each year as a result of continuous land reclamation and drainage. The Netherlands is bounded on the E by Germany on the S by Belgium, and on the W and N by the North Sea, with a total boundary length of 1,478 km (918 mi), of which 451 km (280 mi) is coastline.
The capital city of the Netherlands, Amsterdam, is in the western part of the country.