Over 27% of the work force and 50% of the land (126,629 ha/312,900 acres) are devoted to agriculture and grazing; the majority of agricultural land consists of meadows and pastures. Farms are generally small and highly mechanized, although average farm size has been increasing. While the number of farms of 2 ha (5 acres) or more fell from 10,570 in 1950 to 2,314 in 2001, the average holding increased from 13.16 to 55.17 ha (from 32.52 to 136.3 acres) over the same period. Crop production in 2001 included (in tons): corn, 118,586; forage crops, 129,272; bread grains, 58,825; potatoes, 22,770; and pulses, 2,277.
Vineyards including Ehnen, Stadtbredmis, and Bech-Kleinmacher are located in the Moselle River Valley. In 1998/99, wine production totaled 15.97 million liters, consisting of Rivaner, Elbling, Auxerrois, Riesling, Pinot blanc, and Pinot gris. Wine and clover seeds are the important agricultural exports. In addition, millions of rosebushes, a major speciality crop, are exported annually. Chief fruits produced include apples, plums, and cherries.