Iceland - Religions
The Evangelical Lutheran Church, the national church, is endowed by the state, but there is complete freedom for all faiths, without discrimination. All Iceland constitutes a single diocese of the national church, headed by a bishop with his seat at Reykjavík; there are 281 parishes. As of 2002, about 87% are nominally members of this established church, though it is believed that most do not practice actively. About 4% belong to one of three Lutheran Free Churches: The Reykjavík Free Church, the Hafnarfjordur Free Church, or the Reykjavík Independent Church. Another 4% (about 11,471 people) belong to one of 20 different denominations that are registered and recognized by the state. The largest of these groups are the Roman Catholics (4,803 members) and the Pentecostal Church (1,630 members), Seventh-Day Adventists (725 members), and Jehovah's Witnesses, (638 members). The Buddhist Association of Iceland has about 445 members, the Baha'i Community has about 387 members, and the Muslim Association has about 178 members. Other groups are primarily Christina-based organizations. Judaism is practiced by some citizens, however, there have been no requests for official recognition from the Jewish community.