France - Agriculture



France Agriculture 1112
Photo by: Andreas Karelias

Agriculture remains a vital sector of the French economy, even though it engages only about 4% of the labor force and contributes about 3% of the GDP. Since the early 1970s, the agricultural labor force has diminished by about 60%. France, whose farms export more agricultural food products than any other EU nation (accounting for 22% of the EU's total agricultural output), is the only country in Europe to be completely self-sufficient in basic food production; moreover, the high quality of the nation's agricultural products contributes to the excellence of its famous cuisine. France is one of the leaders in Europe in the value of agricultural exports—chiefly wheat, sugar, wine, and beef. Tropical commodities, cotton, tobacco, and vegetable oils are among the chief agricultural imports.

As of 1998 35% of France's area was arable. About 11.8 million ha (29.1 million acres) of the usable farm area is under annual crops, with another 228,000 ha (563,000 acres) in permanent crops. There were 735,000 farms in France in 1995, of which only 454,000 were managed by full-time farmers. Since the 1950s, the number of farms has declined and the size of individual holdings has increased. By 1983 there were about 1.13 million farms, as compared to 2.3 million in 1955, and the average farm size was about 26 hectares (64 acres). Average farm size had grown to around 50 ha (124 acres) in 2000. Because French law provides for equal rights of inheritance, traditionally much of the farmland came to be split up into small, scattered fragments. One of the major aims of postwar plans for rural improvement has been the consolidation of these through reallotment. Such consolidation also fosters the growth of mechanization. In 1998 there were 1,270,000 tractors (fourth in the world after the United States, Japan, and Italy) compared with 100,000 in 1948, and 1,327,900 in 1974.

Of the total productive agricultural area, about 61% is under cultivation, 35% is pasture, and 4% vineyards. The most productive farms are in northern France, but specialized areas, such as the vegetable farms of Brittany, the great commercial vineyards of the Languedoc, Burgundy, and Bordeaux districts, and the flower gardens, olive groves, and orchards of Provence, also contribute heavily to the farm economy.

Among agricultural products, cereals (wheat, barley, oats, corn, and sorghum), industrial crops (sugar beets, flax), root crops (potatoes), and wine are by far the most important. In 1999, the wheat crop totaled 37,009,000 tons and barley, 9,548,000 tons. Other totals (in tons) included oats, 550,000; corn, 15,628,000; sugar beets, 32,776,000; rapeseed, 4,469,000 tons; and sunflower seed, 1,871,000 tons. Wine production in 1999 totaling 6,625,000 tons from 8,001,000 tons of grapes. There is large-scale production of fruits, chiefly apples, pears, peaches, and cherries.

User Contributions:

Nikki
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May 29, 2007 @ 1:13 pm
Thanks for the help. I am doing a report on English for the 6th grade. Thanks!
Nikki
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May 29, 2007 @ 1:13 pm
I forgot to include that I am doing a report on france
Tawney
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Sep 25, 2007 @ 9:09 am
Thanks for making this good site. I'm doing a report on France and its agriculture for ag. This helped me a bunch!! Thanks =]
georgie
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Oct 6, 2007 @ 11:23 pm
thanx im doing a project on france that helped alot!!!!!
Madeleine
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Oct 21, 2007 @ 11:23 pm
Thank you for this infomation it will help me do my asignment on France.
Khaled
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Nov 4, 2007 @ 10:10 am
Thanks for the info cuz I was in a really tight spot and needed it for a summative. But as a suggestion you should include if the agricultural products have an absolute or competitive advantage.
Kyle
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Dec 2, 2007 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks... im doing a project about statistics and i chose percentage of population employed in agriculture. and i have to compare a dc, nic, and a ldc. geography >.> .. but this helped me alot.. thanks
james hall
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Dec 17, 2007 @ 11:11 am
I found this extremely helpful for my project on thec agriculture in France. Thanks Jim Hall
Nikkie
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Jan 14, 2008 @ 8:20 pm
Thanks soooo much for creating this site!! I love it sooo much!! My teacher recomended this site. My 6th grade project is on France!!
gogo
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Feb 9, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
Very Very Very Helfull will use again and again my I am telling my teachers to tell their classes tomorrow because all of middle school is doing countries and willl NEED this site
Thnx
jessica
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Apr 11, 2008 @ 5:05 am
thanx doin a assignment in class which really helped alot this ection anyway
alexsis
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Apr 16, 2008 @ 8:08 am
thanks this helped me with my 6th grade french report
Jeremy
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Apr 16, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
holy crap!! i didnt know anything about this stuff and now i do. i am so glad that you posted this stuff becasue i just got an A on my 4th grade project.
Jo
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May 15, 2008 @ 2:02 am
I had to do a project on France and this was so useful! I really loved all the facts it contained and I'm eager to use it again. :)
hi
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May 31, 2008 @ 8:20 pm
thanx for everything .I'm doing a project on france
amy
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Jun 8, 2008 @ 5:17 pm
very great website.....i used it for my 6th grade project on canada's trading partners...i chose france and so this website really helped!!
Stacey
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Jun 26, 2008 @ 2:02 am
This website is very imformative and I got an A+ for my project!! Thanks!! :)
MJB
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Sep 30, 2008 @ 12:12 pm
Incredibly helpful! I could not find any other place with this much info on France's agriculture! Thanks so much!
Nicole
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Oct 5, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks for making this web site i am doing a homework on France and its helped me alot THANKS!!!!!!!!!
gabrielle
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Nov 1, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
thats good site for agriculture im doing a project on france and its agriculture.
Lara Adesanya
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Nov 6, 2008 @ 12:12 pm
i find this case study very educating and intresting about France, actualy,i have never being to France, but with these article i can say little about these country.
Am a 2 year student in International Business,in Insitute of Technology Carlow in Republic of Ireland,am writing a team project in Economic about France i think this will be of great benefit to me.
Rae
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Nov 21, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
this was amazing help for our power point project on france!!!! thanks dude.
Brandon
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Jan 4, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
gota agree with everyone else. this is a real help for my froject of the agricalture of france lol
ally
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Mar 1, 2009 @ 7:07 am
oh my this site has helped me sooo much i forgot my book at school and needed this info for my boo report (btw i got an a+ thanks to this)
valerie
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May 19, 2009 @ 5:17 pm
Thanks these info help me so much =)for my project
Trevor
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May 25, 2009 @ 11:11 am
This saved my world geography project on france. This is the best website on France EVER. :)
natalie
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Jun 1, 2009 @ 6:06 am
Thanks for making such a good site - it's helped me a good deal in my summer project on France. Thanks a lot !!!!
Jackie
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Jun 4, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
im doing a powerpoint on france and this site helped alot
im in 9th in general all the info here was helpfull. i just couldnt find when this information was last updated so just a suggestion you should put up
MAYA
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Jul 5, 2009 @ 8:08 am
THANKS FOR HAVING THIS SITE. BECAUSE I USE IT TO MY REPORT.
Jen
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Oct 4, 2009 @ 9:21 pm
Thanks a lot! This site helped a ton for my France project!
I'm sure i'll get an A+ :D
unkown
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Oct 22, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
THX ALOT! Really helped me!!!!!!!!!! My report is going well
marley
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Nov 28, 2009 @ 10:10 am
Thanks for trying to help. You didn't really say what I needed, but I can find it on another site. I am doing a project for 7th grade Social Studies to try and figure out of France is a developed or a developing country. Thanks for trying to help!
Jill
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Dec 12, 2009 @ 6:18 pm
This was a really helpful website. I am doing a French project for 9th grade French 2. This site gave me good information and confirmed a lot of information i found on other websites.
Mayra Gracia
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Jan 27, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks for the help. I am doing a report on English for the 6th grade. Thanks
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Feb 4, 2010 @ 7:19 pm
thanks for your help.im doing a report on france for a gr. 6 project. tHaNkS
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Feb 6, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
thank alot for helping this had exactly what i needed!
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Feb 21, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
Im doing my world geography project on france and this is a huge help:)
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Feb 23, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
thanks this should really help with my science project.
dont need to know
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Mar 15, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
Thanx alot. I really enjoy this website alot. I got and aplus on my 9th grade history project
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May 4, 2010 @ 9:09 am
helped alot! great information! doing something for geography on france & italy :)
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May 6, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
Pretty good website. What are some Frances exports? Please mail me as soon as possible. Preferably before may 17. Thanks. Very urgent!
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May 14, 2010 @ 12:00 am
Thanx for the info. :) helped a lot with my worlds fair proj. :D
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Nov 9, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
thank you so much im doing a report on france! 6th grade geography
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Nov 20, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
OMG THANK YOU SO MUCH!!! :) doing a project all about France for geography class grade 8, this helped so much!
S.Heck
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Nov 21, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
could you possibly go into more detail about the regions in which these crops are produced? it would be super helpful!
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Nov 30, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
I am a Senior and we have to do some research on the a country of our choice (I LOVE FRANCE) for Environmental Systems and this has really hepled me! Thanks so much!
Taylor
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Jan 6, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
Thanks so much! I used this for a seventh grade world geography report on France.
mitch
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Jan 7, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
thank you if helped with my france assigned ( i know i spelt it wrong)
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Jan 8, 2011 @ 8:08 am
i am very thankful. i was doing my project.keep making these types of sites.
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Mar 10, 2011 @ 10:10 am
this site really helped me alot! thanks for making this
Marissa
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Mar 14, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
We are doing a report on France in my world foods class. This helped alot. Thank you :)
jackie
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Mar 27, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
thanks so much this really helped me alot =) I have to write an essay on France and do a big presentation
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Apr 20, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
Thank you so much for this info! I'm doing a report on France in French class and I couldn't find any information. anyway, Thanks again and i will recommend this site to anyone in need of good info!!!
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Apr 25, 2011 @ 5:17 pm
thanks u just saved me alot of reaserch on my franch project thats due in 2 days
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May 21, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
What were the initial crops of France. I am researching what the origins of French Cooking consisted of in History.
Joann
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Jun 2, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
I recently took a trip to France and noticed there were no screens on the windows like in the US. The strangest thing is I did not see any flys in the open restaurants or markets. This was in May. Why?
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Jun 5, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
This Helped Alot. Im Doing A Report About France :) Thank You !
Danni
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Sep 5, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
Awesome. Humanities L.E.G. completed, thanks to this site.
Tara
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Sep 20, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
I wish they had more current info but it was help full!!
michelle is amzing
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Mar 23, 2012 @ 10:10 am
helped alot :):):):):) doing a project so this made it easy to understand
JOJO
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Mar 26, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
Thanx alot this helps with my science project alot. they should use this in more sites
Ruu
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Mar 28, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
This really helped alot. Now I can finish my school science project on farming in France.
LOUIS
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Apr 13, 2012 @ 7:07 am
Thanks for the help i am a student in coledge preparing for my final exams.do help me in any way you can
john
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Apr 17, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
this article made titties super hard, thank you so so much.
john
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Apr 17, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
this article made titties super hard, thank you so so much.
beana
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Apr 24, 2012 @ 11:11 am
this website is so help full i was able to do my work
Jessie
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May 3, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
This website was so helpfull! Now i'm done with my project on france. Thanks a bunch!!
Gabby
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May 6, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
This really helped me on my World Geography project. Greatly appreciated!
Alyssa
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May 7, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
This site really really really helped me. I love this site.
Julien
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May 10, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
Hey thank you for the help im doing a project about france and their agriculture, So after when i hand it in i got a A+ thank you so much!
Ainslie
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May 22, 2012 @ 3:03 am
Thanks, this has helped me heaps with my Food assignment about France.
Ruby
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Jul 1, 2012 @ 3:15 pm
This is really good however i also wanted to know its availability in England.
Sam
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Oct 3, 2012 @ 6:06 am
I need your help.I am to list agricultural products in french.Its an assignment.Thanks
Grantio
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Dec 10, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
Can you please explain more about how the economy is effected and the climates effects
Melissa
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Dec 17, 2012 @ 7:19 pm
Can someone tell me how much of the land is used for farming? Im doing a powerpoint on frnce for a project and I need this info now. Thanks to anyone who helps!
Julia
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Apr 11, 2013 @ 6:06 am
Thank you so much for the website! It helped me a lot! i had to do a research paper on France and our teacher also made us do an essay on how frances climate and physical features affect the people! It really helped!
adan carrillo
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Dec 6, 2013 @ 2:14 pm
thank you very much this website helped my on my enviromental sciences class. thanks guys
Ember
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Mar 29, 2014 @ 1:01 am
Oh my God, thank you so much!! I'm doing a HUGE geography project comparing Europe and Africa, and this site has helped so much!! Keep it up xx
Ember
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Mar 29, 2014 @ 8:20 pm
Oh my God, thank you so much!! I'm doing a HUGE geography project comparing Europe and Africa, and this site has helped so much!! Keep it up xx
nadia
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Apr 24, 2014 @ 9:09 am
this so pretty i wish i was ther awsome
e right now what a great fanstacic place this

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